All words refer to different groups. The major types of words are nouns, verbs, adjectives, pronouns, adverbs, and connectives. Every word type plays a different role within one sentence. The following sentence illustrates this:
- The old lady slowly followed her children into the room, and then she sat down.
- The nouns in this sentence are lady, children, and room. Nouns typically serve as names for things. In this sentence, lady is the subject of the whole sentence and informs us who did the action. Children is the object which informs us who the lady followed.
- The verbs in this sentence are followed and sat. Verbs are words of doing. For example, followed and sat inform us about what the lady did. Verbs also serve to describe the actions of the mind: for instance, believe, remember, and think.
- The adjective in this sentence is old. Adjectives are used to describe nouns. Old provides some information about the lady.
- The adverbs in this sentence are quickly and then. Adverbs typically describe how the verb is carried out. For slowly informs us about how the lady followed. Then informs us about when the lady sat down. Basically, adverbs describe when, how much, and how something is done.
- The pronouns in this sentence are her and she. Pronouns serve to help avoid the repetition of a noun. Her and she are alternatives to “the lady’s” and “the lady”, which would be repetitions. Some other pronouns are he, his, it, they, we, them, us, this, and that.
- The connective in this sentence is and. It is used to have two ideas joined. For instance, in this sentence, and gives information that the lady did something else. Examples of connectives: or, but, although, so, and therefore.