Category: Literature

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare is one of the great authors of epoch in human history called the Renaissance. The main theme in the Hamlet is justice and revenge. Several characters are seeking for justice after a chain of evils completed by other characters. King Hamlet died a mysterious death, which was assumed as an accident. The truth is revealed when a ghost tells the tale of King Hamlet’s murder by his brother Claudius to Prince Hamlet. Prince Hamlet is convinced by the ghost to seek revenge of the king’s death. Hamlet starts the long and painful journey of seeking revenge. He believes that the person who killed his father deserves death as a punishment for a crime. This is the central theme in the play. Hamlet accidentallykills Laertes’s father and this cause Ophelia's death. Fortinbras is a prince of Norway seeking revenge for his father’s death who was murdered by King Hamlet. These two examples reflect Hamlet’s own vengeance.

Hamlet’s Mother

Hamlet’s mother is unable to bear the mourning period. She marries a brother of the deceased and shared with him the throne. Finally, Hamlet learns that the man killed his father to seize the crown and queen. Hamlet feels a strong shock. This upheaval has shaken his faith in people. Evil is prevailing in the world, the cause of his mental disorder. Evil came into his world and destroyed the harmony of life. Before that, Hamlet lived with faith and hope. He was honest and sincere and probably assumed the same in humans. Having received acutely painful betrayal, Hamlet cannot adjust to the world of evil and hypocrisy. Plunging into his thoughts, Hamlet reflects on the meaning of life. It hurts the viciousness of the world in which he lives, deceit, greed and cruelty of people close to him. Hamlet is angered by his mother who is married to a killer. He has set plans to eliminate this murderer. Hamlet intends to kill the murder when he states “It is 'Adieu, adieu! Remember me,' I have sworn't” (I.v.92-112).

Helmet and Death

Helmet resolves the best revenge through the death when he states, “submit to this life and endure it, or to die? To be or not to be,” he portrays the pain in his heart for the evils in this world (IV.6.113). The Tragedy of Hamlet is moral. He suffers for our sins, but not for the lost throne. Helmet points out that he is not fighting for power, but for justice when he states that, “No place, indeed, should murder sanctuaries; Revenge should have no bounds” (IV. 7. 140). In Hamlet’s famous soliloquy, “To be or not to be” soliloquy (III.1), he philosophically states that, no one is selected to suffer in this life. He points out that people fear what will be there after death. He vows to revenge on the person who took his father’s life.

Hamlet is determined to kill the person who killed his father. In a soliloquy, he vows to revenge for his father’s death, “O all you host of heaven! O earth! What else? And shall I couple hell...Ay, thou poor ghost, while memory holds a seat in this distracted globe. Remember thee!” (I.v.92-100). Hamlet fights alone. He is an intelligent man with high moral principles, tormented by the fact that the law being broken and that evil has penetrated into the world and violate its integrity. Hamlet feels that he has to take revenge, justice. Searching for answers, he turns to Claudius and tells him, “It well appears. But tell me why you proceeded not against these feats, so crimeful in nature, As by your safety, wisdom, all things else, You mainly were stirred up” (IV.7.5-10). He vows to kill the king who killed his father. But, plagued by philosophical thoughts, Hamlet hesitates with a vengeance. Strong and courageous Hamlet covered by revenge, at the same time feels insecure, acts as a punishing judge. Perhaps, as a thinking man, he realizes that punishment - is the mission of God. For a man, it is pernicious. Hamlet's hesitation is caused by internal shocks as the “sea disasters”. Hamlet is not in peace with himself. There are unresolved problems in his mind, which are too heavy for him to bear. He cannot tolerate evil, and does not know how to deal with it. To hide his confusion, he pretends to be mad.

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In conclusion, justice is hard to attain and sometimes it costs many lives before it is achieved. It becomes a moral and ethical dilemma when many people lose their lives in the name of looking for justice. Many are treated unjustly, and the justice does not prevail at all. Helmet is a novel of errors and plots where justice cannot be found. Characters lose their lives in search of justice that blows a trumpet in the minds of those involved. Hamlet sets to kill Claudius using every possible formula. At the end, Hamlet to the way of revenge causes several deaths. He is indirectly responsible for the death of Ophelia. Surviving infidelity mother, Hamlet rejected his loving Ophelia, causing her pain. He unintentionally kills her father. Hamlet sends to his death his friends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern kills Laertes, Ophelia's brother, and finally kills the King. Thus, the pursuit of a noble goal, Hamlet himself is doing evil. After vengeance done, Hamlet dies. His death is imminent.

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