Category: Psychology


The quality of what we eat plays a pivotal role in cognitive and social aspects of life. The practices that we learned in childhood are the ones we practice during adulthood. Studies demonstrate that poor nutrition hugely influence on academic performance, as well as growth and development. A study in New York revealed that most of the students suffer from nutrition deficiency diseases, which are clinically undetected because they are mild cases. Such deficiencies affect their intelligence, which can only be corrected through proper feeding practices. AFSA established that, in a fourth grade class, students whose diet had low amounts of proteins had the lowest achievement scores. Iron deficiency leads to a shortened span of attention, fatigue and concentration difficulties. Therefore, anemic students perform badly in vocabulary, reading and other tests. Morning fasting also has an adverse effect on cognitive performance even on well nourished children. Therefore, appropriate nutrition is a critical determinant of academic performance. All parts of the body should be fully functional to relieve the brain from bodily dysfunctions and stress. Aerobic exercises may be also critical in memory development. In conclusion, the relationship between nutrition, physical activity, and academic achievement seems to be interconnected (ASFSA, 1999).

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Haitian Revolution

Presidential actions of Jefferson regarding Haitian Revolution denoted racially motivated decisions, which were predicated upon fear. Jefferson’s position was more politically and economically ambitious. His opinion regarding the revolution and trade with Saint Domingue Island contradicted his administration’s statements. A stern voice within the Republican Party manifested partisan politics, which led to an end of all trade with the Island. Thomas Jefferson’s revolutionary and republican ideas of freedom were transformed through social transgression of the Caribbean blacks against white domination. The press along with his actions became a grotesque in comparison to the pure republican and revolutionary ideals. Although Jefferson was openly in tune with the wishes of his party, he used his chief advisors to execute a foreign policy, which appeased the South and pursued his trade dealings with the island. Many historians categorized his foreign policy as a racist agenda. For instance, contemporary historians cite Jefferson planning to punish Toussaint through starvation. Primary documents, through analysis, portray Jefferson not only as a racial equalitarian, but also as a man who is intellectually undone by negrophobia, and a political figure who appreciates the republican ideals inherent in the revolution (Fox, 1971).

The American Colonization Society

Colonization schemes were perceived as inadequate and injurious in its operations and design. As early as 1817, many African Americans were opposed to American Colonization Society. Influential leaders such as James Forten were irresolute with respect to their support for American Colonization Society. Although their support for the society was unwavering, James Forten led a meeting at Philadelphia, which was attended by three thousand African Americans, to announce the movement. Most blacks were opposed to American Colonization society because it fostered slavery and perceived the talk of voluntary slavery as misleading. The idea that many southern states needed to expel all slaves freed by their masters irked them. Many legislatures required all free African Americans either to be enslaved or leave to Liberia (Dubois, 2004). However, such efforts had little practical impact, they frightened them that colonization will be enforced against them. By 1820, most abolitionists felt that American Colonization Society was part of proslavery attempt to drive free African Americans to Africa. African Americans had the feeling that attempts to force them leave were based on the racist assumptions that, they were incapable and not entitled to live freely in their land of birth. Ultimately, they did not trust claims from American Colonization Society that, colonization would be voluntary.

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